The Internet site of the“Direzione regionale” for Landscape and Cultural Heritage of Friuli Venezia Giulia has been designed with the purpose of observing all requisites of accessibility provided by Law No 4 and No 9 dated January 9th 2004, , Provisions for fostering the access of disabled people to data processing tools and by the Directive dictating the guidelines for the Plan of coordinated communication of web sites of the Institutes referring to the Ministry of National Heritage and Culture, concerning their accessibility and quality: www.otebac.it/siti/realizzare/direttive/direttiva091105.html.The 22 technical accessibility requisites and the 5 guidelines of the communication plan are reported below, together with the procedures used to meet them and the related testing techniques adopted.
Design pages and items included in them by technologies defined by formal published grammars, using the most updated versions available, when they are supported by user programs. Use elements and attributes conforming with specifications, observing their semantic aspect.Method for reaching the goal: this site created with the Open Source Content Management System Plone, planned in order to give optimum accessibility and usability, according to the guidelines on accessibility of web contents (WCAG v1.0). All the web pages are XHTML Strict.
Testing technique: All pages have been checked with the W3C validator.
The use of frames for designing new sites is not allowed.
Method for reaching the goal: the site does not use frames and the CMS Plone does not allow the use of frames.
Supply an alternative text equivalent for each item not being a text in a page and guarantee that when the non textual content of an item changes dynamically, the prearranged related equivalent items are updated. The equivalent text alternative of a non textual item must conform with the function performed by the original item in that specific context.
Method for reaching the goal: the CMS Plone has an obligatory field for the text alternative to the image (ALT attribute). It is not possible to insert an image without the alternative text. Other non textual objects are not present.
Testing technique: the presence of the ALT field in all images was verified using the validation software Cynthia Says - Web content Accessibility Report. Individual authors have verified the logical correctness of descriptions inserted.
Guarantee that all information elements and all functions are available even if the special colour used to show them on the page is lacking.
Method for reaching the goal: tall functions have been made available, even if the colour is lacking. For example the current section is also marked by the “strong” tag and the links are all underlined. If they are not marked, the functions have been showed in the text, see then the zoom possibility in the photo gallery.
Testing technique: Sample test of the web site pages.
Avoid flashing or moving objects and texts, the flashing frequency of which can cause epileptic problems due to photosensitivity, concentration problems or problems which can cause the malfunctioning of the assistance technologies used. If information needs require their use anyway, inform the user about the possible risks before showing them and provide for methods allowing to avoid such elements.
Method for reaching the goal: no flashing or moving texts have been used.
Guarantee that the information content (foreground) can always be distinguished from the background, by resorting to a suitable contrast (in the case of texts) or to different sound levels (in the case of speech with a musical background). A text having the form of an image must be generally avoided but, if this is not possible, it must be designed with the distinguishing criteria already stated.Method for reaching the goal: the information content and the background have been designed taking into account light and colour differences, according to the algorithms provided by the Ministerial Decree dated July 8th 2005, Technical requirements and different levels for the accessibility to data processing tools , nclosure A. “Technical checking and technical requirements of the applications based on Internet technologies”, paragraph 2, letter d).
Testing technique: the whole graphic design of this web site has been checked by the software Colour Contrast Analyser 1.0 of Web Accessibile.
Use sensitive image maps of the type client side rather than server side, except in the case when the sensitive areas cannot be defined by one of the preset geometric shapes provided by the adopted DTD.
Method for reaching the goal: the site does not use sensitive image maps and the CMS does not allow for their insertion.
If image server side maps are used, provide for the necessary alternative links to obtain all information or the services available by directly interacting with the map.
Method for reaching the goal: the site does not use server side maps and the CMS does not allow for their insertion.
For the data tables use the marking elements and the attributes provided by the DTD adopted to describe the contents and identify the headings of lines and columns.
Method for reaching the goal: on checking the site does not use tables. In any case the CMS Plone automatically creates tables with markers and attributes provided for describing contents and identifying the headings of lines and columns.
For data tables use the marking elements and the attributes provided by the DTD adopted to associate data cells and heading cells having two or more logic levels of line or column headings.
Method for reaching the goal: on testing the site does not use data tables.
Use the style sheets to test the content presentation and to organize the pages so they can also be read when the style sheets are disabled or not supported.
Method for reaching the goal:
the layout of this site has been designed by style sheets and without the use of tables. The page is also designed in order to be clearly read even with disabled style sheets.
Testing technique: The style sheets have been validated with the W3C CSS Validation Service. The legibility of the pages in the absence of css was verified using the deactivation function of style sheets present in the most common browsers.
The presentation and textual contents of a page must be adaptable to the size of the browser window utilised by the user without any juxtaposition of the existing items or lack of information so as to make it impossible to understand the content, even in case of size modification, enlargement or reduction of the viewing area and/or of typefaces, compared with the preset values of such parameters.
Method for reaching the goal: the site layout can adapt to different video resolutions and to the size modification or enlargement of typefaces from very little to very large, without any juxtaposition or lack of information.
Testing technique: Sample testing of several pages through browser, video resolution and different character sizes.
If tables for the layout are used: [...]Method for reaching the goal: the site does not use layout tables.
Method for reaching the goal: to each field of the site form labels have been explicitly matched and suitably set.
Testing technique: Verification of form compilation with mouse and keyboard, with the Lynx textual browser and with the Jaws screen reader.
Ensure that the pages can be used when script, applet or other programming items are disabled or are not supported.
Guarantee that the event managers enabling script, applet or other programming items or whoever has their own special interface, do not depend on a specific input device.
Method for reaching the goal: commands independent of the input device were used and each element with a specific interface can be managed independently of the device.
Guarantee that the functions and information conveyed by programming items which use technologies not defined by published formal grammars, scripts and applets, can be directly accessed.
Method for reaching the goal: the accessibility of the functions and information were verified using the keyboard.
If a film or a multimedia presentation are necessary for completing the supplied information or the supplied service, prepare an equivalent textual alternative synchronized as a subtitle and/or vocal description, or prepare a summary or a mere label for each video or multimedia element, taking into account the level of importance and the difficulties in implementing it, in case of real time presentations.Method for reaching the goal: :
the site does not include films or multimedia presentations.
Clearly show the function of each hyper-textual link with meaningful texts, even if they are read apart from their context, or match the links with texts which have similar explanatory characteristics. Provide for devices which can avoid the repeated reading of sequences of links being shared by more pages.
Method for reaching the goal: the function of each link has been made clear by meaningful texts. The links external to the site are provided by a special warning and, in order to avoid the repeated reading of sequences of links shared by more pages, there is a link which can skip to the page contents.
Testing technique: Sample test of website pages.
SIf a preset time interval is provided to enjoy the service in a page, within which it is possible to perform certain actions, the user needs to be warned explicitly, showing the best time limit and possibly supplying alternatives to enjoy the service itself.Method for reaching the goal: the site does not use time limit functions.
As for the existing links in a page, they must be selected and enabled by keyboard controls, or a technology imitating the keyboard or by pointing systems different from the mouse.
Method for reaching the goal: all links existing in the site can be enabled by a keyboard, or technologies imitating the keyboard or pointing systems different from the mouse, because they have been designed in XHTML, in observance of the limits and provisions of the Ministerial Decree DM dated July 8th 2005.
Testing technique: sample test of website pages through devices other than the mouse
On the first application, as regards the existing sites, in each page which cannot meet the present requisites, provide for a link to a page which meets them, includes information and equivalent functions and is updated with the same frequency of the original page, avoiding the creation of pages only made of texts. The link to the accessible page must be clearly suggested at the beginning of the non accessible page.
Method for reaching the goal: the site meets the present requisites and therefore no alternative versions have been created.
Directive dictating the guidelines for the Plan of coordinated communication of the web sites of the Institutes referring to the Ministry of National Heritage and Culture concerning their accessibility and quality
Guideline 1: Adopt the standards and the tools provided by the General Direction for the Technological Innovation and promotion, developed within the Projects MINERVA and MICHAEL, in particular as regards the tools for the quality and accessibility of cultural web sites and the description of digital resources.
Method for reaching the goal: in designing the site, the tools provided by the General Direction for the technological innovation and promotion, particularly the Kit for designing web sites of public cultural bodies, the Minerva guidelines for the quality of web sites, the quality and accessibility test have been used
Guideline 2: to foster the recognition and visibility of the identity of the institution.
Method for reaching the goal: The site heading, made up of the Head Office logo, the name of the institution and the MiBAC logo, is present on all pages. The homepage introduces the institution and gives a summary of the contents and aims of the site. The physical address of the head office is at the bottom of every page. The language selector at the top left allows the site to be accessed in Italian or English.
To foster transparency
Method for reaching the goal: Every page states when it was last updated and gives a link to the editorial staff in charge of the contents. A link to the page of legal notes is given at the bottom of the page. All public data required by the Digital Administration Code (Leg. Dec. 82/2005) is contained within the site.
Guideline 4: To foster the access of disabled people to Web sites.
Method for reaching the goal: the requisites of the above laws have been met.
Guideline 5: To adopt a strategy for the quality of web site contents and for linking computer networks meant for specific fields.
Method for reaching the goal: specific sections within the site were created with the aim of increasing awareness of cultural heritage. Some contents were mapped through metadata created under the direction of the PICO Project.
Guide line 6: To adopt a strategy for the constant storing of contents subject to expiry and for a long term preservation of web sites.
Method for reaching the goal: il The Plone Content Management System stores all modifications to the site in the database and retains all contents subject to expiration in the memory, so allowing their retrieval.